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Tilanqiao

It had been known as the "Little Vienna" during World War II because many Jewish refugees from Austria and Germany stayed here. They opened barber shops, clothes and shoe stores, as well as made bread and run pubs. Tilanqiao (The Bridge of Carrying a Basket) is located in the north of the Bund, southeast of Hongkou District, Shanghai, having an area of 2.36 sq. km with a population of about 94,000. It is also a quality residential community area, which its office in charge of the zone is on 263 Gaoyang Road.

Its oldest history traces back to the year 1796, the bridge had been located on what now called East Changzi Road (It was in the American Concession and later the Commonality Concession). It was a wooden bridge above the Xiahaipu Creek. Near the bridge there were farmlands, nullahs and a Buddhist temple. The area was prosperous and often filled with crowds of pious pilgrims. Additionally the area was a must for people who were going here and returning to Shanghai city center. The bridge was disappeared when the American set in, filled up creeks and set up a leased area during mid 19th century.

A notorious prison was established in the Concession in 1903. It had jailed, persecuted and killed many patriotic revolutionists. After the end of the Anti-Japanese War, there was a batch of Japanese war criminals executed officially. Now the prison is called Shanghai Tilanqiao Prison.

From the beginning of 20th century to early 1940s, many locally run schools were set up here, as well as some schools for Russian and Jewish children. In 1920s a few cinemas and theaters had been set up in the area, but some were destroyed during the war in 1940s. The cinemas were renovated in decades after the Liberation. The old Changzhi Cinema was renewed in 1982 and become the second three-dimensional cinema in Shanghai.

Tilanqiao is actually a typical old city portion in metropolis Shanghai. Old residential houses, small European style villa and lots of buildings on the tiny lanes, also blocks built during 1970s, they are all the things which fully embodied Shanghai's scenic specialty and nostalgic memories. It is one of the earliest developed areas with mixed cultural characteristics in Shanghai. Xiahai Temple, Moses Church and Huoshan Park are great spots having strong historical value which attract tourists at home and abroad. Now Tilanqiao area has become a golden financial and shipping zone on the north of the Bund, with new shopping and leisure facilities for residents. By mixing the old and new cultures, Tilanqiao will be a great attraction in Shanghai tour.